Blog da Comissão Organizadora da Associação Brasileira de Integração Sensorial
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6 de ago de 2013
Immediate effect of Ayres's sensory integration--based occupational therapy intervention on children with autism spectrum disorders
OBJECTIVE. This study examined the effects of Ayres's sensory
integration intervention on the behavior and task engagement
of young children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Clinical
observations and caregiver reports of behavior and engagement
also were explored to help guide future investigations.
METHOD. This single-subject study used an ABAB design to
compare the immediate effect of Ayres's sensory integration
and a play scenario on the undesired behavior and task
engagement of 4 children with ASD.
RESULTS. No clear patterns of change in undesired behavior
or task management emerged through objective measurement.
Subjective data suggested that each child exhibited
positive changes during and after intervention.
CONCLUSION. When effects are measured immediately
after intervention, short-term Ayres's sensory integration
does not have a substantially different effect than
a play scenario on undesired behavior or engagement
of young children with ASD. However, subjective data
suggest that Ayres's sensory integration may produce
an effect that is evident during treatment sessions